The balanced ideological antipathy model: explaining the effects of ideological attitudes on inter-group antipathy across the political spectrum
Crawford, Jarret T.
Mallinas, Stephanie R.
Furman, Bryan J.
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We introduce the balanced ideological antipathy (BIA) model, which challenges assumptions that right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO) predict inter-group antipathy per se. Rather, the effects of RWA and SDO on antipathy should depend on the target's political orientation and political objectives, the specific components of RWA, and the type of antipathy expressed. Consistent with the model, two studies (N = 585) showed that the Traditionalism component of RWA positively and negatively predicted both political intolerance and prejudice toward tradition-threatening and -reaffirming groups, respectively, whereas SDO positively and negatively predicted prejudice (and to some extent political intolerance) toward hierarchy-attenuating and -enhancing groups, respectively. Critically, the Conservatism component of RWA positively predicted political intolerance (but not prejudice) toward each type of target group, suggesting it captures the anti-democratic impulse at the heart of authoritarianism. Recommendations for future research on the relationship between ideological attitudes and inter-group antipathy are discussed.
Crawford, J. T., Mallinas, S. R., & Furman, B. J. (2015). The balanced ideological antipathy model: explaining the effects of ideological attitudes on inter-group antipathy across the political spectrum. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(12), 1607
Department of Psychology