Interactive effects of physical disability severity and age of disability onset on RIASEC self-efficacies
Tenenbaum, Rachel Z.
Byrne, Conor J.
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In this study, the authors focused on the context of physical disabilities (i.e., one’s age when a disability manifests and the severity with which it impacts major life activities) to better understand how disabilities influence vocational self-efficacies. Consistent with Social Cognitive Career Theory, age of onset moderated the relationship between disability severity and self-efficacies in the Realistic, Artistic, Social, and Conventional vocational domains. Specifically, disability severity had a strong, negative impact on self-efficacies for people who became physically disabled later in life. In contrast, the relationship between disability severity and self-efficacy was nonsignificant for people who became disabled in early childhood. These findings held across Holland’s Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional domains when controlling for a variety of other person inputs and domain-specific learning experiences.
Tenenbaum, R.Z., Byrne, C.J., & Dahling, J.J. (2014). Interactive effects of physical disability severity and age of disability onset on RIASEC self-efficacies. Journal of Career Assessment, 22, 272-287.
Department of Psychology
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