Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBireta, Tamra J.
dc.contributor.authorWood, Christina N.
dc.contributor.authorOflazian, Jonathan S.
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-23T17:18:03Z
dc.date.available2020-06-23T17:18:03Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.descriptionDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.description.abstractThe finding that memory is better for an item that differs from the surrounding items is known as the von Restorff effect or isolation effect (von Restorff, 1933). Isolated items can differ physically (e.g., a different font) or semantically (e.g., a different category). Most theories argue that the effect requires effortful processing (e.g., Hunt & Lamb, 2001). However, there is evidence that some isolation effects can occur more automatically (e.g., Bireta & Mazzei, 2016). The current study examined the processing requirements for physical and semantic isolation effects by manipulating the processing at encoding (Exp. 1), presentation rate (Exp. 2), and presence of divided attention during recall (Exp. 3). Participants viewed lists of items with all similar items (control), one item from a different category (semantic), or one item in a different font color (physical) for immediate recall. Semantic isolation effects were eliminated with certain types of processing, speeded presentation, and divided attention. None of the manipulations eliminated the physical isolation effect. These results suggest that physical isolation effects occur relatively automatically, whereas semantic isolation effects require more effortful processing.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCollege of New Jersey (Ewing, N.J.). Office of Academic Affairsen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMUSE (Mentored Undergraduate Summer Experience)en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.rightsFile access restricted due to FERPA regulationsen_US
dc.titleNot All Isolation Effects are Created Equally: Evidence for Greater Processing Requirements for Semantic vs. Physical Isolation Effectsen_US
dc.typePosteren_US
dc.typePresentationen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.identifier.handlehttps://dr.tcnj.edu/handle/2900/3518


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record